Faculty, administrators and staff of the Bryan College of Health Sciences are encouraged to submit their professional scholarship to the Scholarly Works Archives. This might include, but is not limited to, peer-reviewed journal articles; theses or dissertations; abstracts of books or book chapters; conference papers or presentations; technical reports; white papers; abstracts or presentations from College symposia; professional website content. Selected student works will be included upon the recommendation of a faculty member.
The Archives can host works in a wide variety of formats, including links to publisher pages, PDF versions of open access manuscripts, PowerPoint presentations, images and audio-visual materials.
Authors interested in having their scholarly works included in the Archives should contact the Director of Library Services by emailing email@example.com.
Non-exclusive license agreement:
Authors will be required to sign a Non-Exclusive Distribution license for each item submitted to the institutional repository. Full-text of the work will be uploaded into the repository if the author owns the copyright to the work, or has written permission from the publisher to add the work to an archive. If archiving permission is not granted, links will be made to the publisher content for the article.
Introduction: Poor sleep quality and maladaptive sleep hygiene may lead to chronic daytime sleepiness, which may, in turn, impact daily functioning. The purpose of this research study was to further investigate sleep in pre-licensure baccalaureate nursing students, and describe factors that impact their sleep quality and daytime sleepiness.
Methods: This study used a cross-sectional descriptive design. A convenience sample was used to recruit participants from thirteen baccalaureate nursing programs from a Midwest region in the United States. An Invitation to Participate was emailed to deans who forwarded the invitation to the pre-licensure baccalaureate nursing students enrolled in their programs. Research questions included relationships and differences in student year of study, enrollment status, behaviors, obligations, and their sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and sleep hygiene. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and the Sleep Hygiene Index. Data were analyzed using SPSS 26.0 and Mplus version 8.4.
Results: The sample (N = 254) was mostly 19-24 years old (83.8%), primarily White (85%) and female (93.3%). Overall, the participants reported poor sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness, and maladaptive sleep hygiene, regardless of their year of study or enrollment status. Student obligations and behaviors most frequently reported as reasons for losing sleep were classes (94.1%), work (72%), technology use into the night (85%), and caffeine use (44.5%), respectively. Classes and finances for food were inversely and statistically significant with sleep quality, daytime sleepiness and sleep hygiene. Mediation results indicated work, classes, and technology use into the night significantly predicted sleep hygiene; work, family, activity with friends, and classes significantly predicted sleep quality.
Discussion: Learning the importance of sleep hygiene, good sleep quality, and the associated health benefits may assist pre-licensure baccalaureate nursing students with achieving optimal daytime functioning. Providing undergraduate nursing students with routine educational sessions on sleep health to promote holistic well-being is essential. The findings support future research on testing the effect sleep hygiene has on academic performance and how sleep health affects their nursing profession. Consideration should be given to sleep health content as a thread through nursing curriculum.
Keywords: sleep, sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, sleep hygiene, nursing student, college student