Years of Nursing Experience and Resiliency During a Pandemic

Date
2020-12-09
Authors
Martin, Ginnie
Townsley, Karen
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Publisher
Bryan College of Health Sciences
Abstract
Purpose: This quality improvement project was conducted to understand resiliency of new nurses during the COVID19 pandemic. What is the self-reported resiliency of newly graduated nurses with 0-3 years of experience during the COVID19 pandemic? Literature Review: Nursing is a rewarding, often challenging, and at times emotionally draining profession. Stress in nursing can lead to burnout, nurse turnover, and potentially contribute to poor patient outcomes. Providing care within a pandemic can increase the stress. Literature shows the first year of practice is the most stressful in a nurse’s career, and nurse residency programs (NRP) are beneficial with the transition. Resiliency, defined as the “ability to thrive in the face of adversity”, is teachable and can provide nurses with emotional adaptability. Patricia Benner’s Novice to Expert Theory provides a theoretical framework which can be utilized to understand the nurse’s growth and development. Methods: NRP co-coordinators, as the stakeholders, provided permission to conduct this project within the NRP. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) was used. The CD-RISC assessed resiliency differences of nurses with less than one-year experience and nurses with 1-3 years of experience. After IRB review, data were collected and analyzed for 62 valid responses. Results: Nurses completed the survey with n=23 reporting having less than one-year experience and 39 reporting having 1-3 years of experience. The mean resiliency scores for nurses with less than one-year experience was 26.83 and nurses with 1-3 years of experience was 28.31. The results did not show a statistically significant difference. Conclusion: This data suggests that utilizing a resiliency scale and providing training to all nurses in the organization would be beneficial. This allows the individual the opportunity to see how they score regarding resiliency to identify areas of strength and potential areas for improvement.
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Citation
Townsley, K. & Maritn, G. (2020). Years of nursing experience and resiliency during a pandemic [MSN Capstone presentation]. Lincoln, NE: Bryan College of Health Sciences.