Faculty, administrators and staff of the Bryan College of Health Sciences are encouraged to submit their professional scholarship to the Scholarly Works Archives. This might include, but is not limited to, peer-reviewed journal articles; theses or dissertations; abstracts of books or book chapters; conference papers or presentations; technical reports; white papers; abstracts or presentations from College symposia; professional website content. Selected student works will be included upon the recommendation of a faculty member.
The Archives can host works in a wide variety of formats, including links to publisher pages, PDF versions of open access manuscripts, PowerPoint presentations, images and audio-visual materials.
Authors interested in having their scholarly works included in the Archives should contact the Director of Library Services by emailing email@example.com.
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Authors will be required to sign a Non-Exclusive Distribution license for each item submitted to the institutional repository. Full-text of the work will be uploaded into the repository if the author owns the copyright to the work, or has written permission from the publisher to add the work to an archive. If archiving permission is not granted, links will be made to the publisher content for the article.
There is a great amount of literature exploring the effects of nitrous oxide (N2O) as a method of pain relief for laboring women. However, a majority of this research was published prior to 2010 and conducted in other countries. Since the emergence of epidural analgesia, N2O has not been the method of choice for labor pain management in the United States. Despite this trend, many hospitals have recently seen a reemergence of this less expensive and less invasive gas. Many women are choosing this method of pain relief due its benefits of having a shorter half-life, ability to encourage feelings of empowerment, and the requirement of fewer interventions that would be needed with epidural analgesia (e.g., bladder catheterization, intravenous fluid bolus, blood pressure monitoring). This gas is also an appropriate option for women if epidural analgesia is contraindicated, ineffective, or inadequate. Since this drug is self-administered by the patient, there are minimal risks of adverse effects for hospital staff and caregivers. Side effects of N2O inhalation include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and drowsiness. Research on this intervention has not found a significant relationship between maternal N2O inhalation and neonatal APGAR scores. Overall, many studies are indicating positive benefits of N2O inhalation as a method of pain management during labor. Unfortunately, a majority of these studies were of poor quality with bias and inconsistency among expected outcomes. Furthermore, many of these studies are qualitative, gaining mothers' views of N2O use after deliveries. Clearly, further quantitative research regarding this form of pain management during labor is needed to accurately assess its effectiveness as well as the potential risks to mother, neonate, and medical staff.